Global workforce

Outsourcing Work From the US to India

Get our expert guide on "How to Hire Employees Using an EOR" and make your outsourcing process smooth and efficient. Discover how to build your remote team in India hassle-free!
Outsourcing Work From the US to India
Written by
Mayank Bhutoria,
July 3, 2024

Key Takeaways

In today's fast-paced globalized economy, businesses constantly look for ways to optimize operations, reduce costs, and stay competitive. One potential strategy that has gained widespread attention is outsourcing, particularly to countries like India.

According to a recent survey on outsourcing to India, 59% of organizations say they have already started outsourcing their work to India, and 22% say they plan to outsource in the future.

Outsourcing to India offers several perks. But it's not always sunshine and rainbows; you may encounter some downsides. So, deciding whether outsourcing from the US to India is worth it requires careful consideration of various factors.

This blog will explore the advantages and challenges of outsourcing to India from the US, and outsourcing models, to help you make informed decisions about this strategic approach. Also, we have provided a step-by-step guide on how to outsource work from the US to India.

Is Outsourcing from the US to India Worth it?

India has become a leading outsourcing destination for companies in developed countries looking to leverage a skilled workforce at a lower cost. While India is popular for its information technology (IT) sector, many other sectors are growing rapidly in the country’s outsourcing ecosystem.

But is India the right fit for your business needs? Below are the benefits and challenges of outsourcing projects from the US to India.

Benefits of outsourcing to India

1. Rapid industry growth

India started outsourcing IT and software services in the 1990s and today its market is expected to reach US $10.51 billion in 2024. So, this highlights the rapid industry growth and it has also easily emerged as one of the major players on the global stage.

2. Cost efficiency

One of the biggest reasons why organizations favor outsourcing to India is cost. Outsourcing work to India can reduce your costs by 70%. India has a lower cost of living than other countries. So, you get high-quality services at a fraction of the cost compared to many Western countries, allowing you to save money without compromising on quality.

3. Access to a skilled workforce

India boasts a vast pool of highly skilled English-speaking professionals across various domains. The country currently has over 5.4 million employees in the IT and BPM (Business Process Outsourcing) industries, and every year, it produces over a million graduates in engineering. Also, top tech companies often hire employees in India as they easily get access to experts from any domain.

4. Diverse outsourcing service availability

From IT and software development to customer support, finance and accounting, digital marketing, and more, Indian outsourcing firms can easily cater to various business needs. This diversity allows businesses to find all the required specialized expertise under one roof.

5. Outsourcing-friendly government policies

The Indian government has set favorable policies that have made outsourcing to India smooth and easy. In particular, the IT Act of 2000, the Special Relief Act of 1964, the Foreign Exchange Regulations, and more such laws have made it possible for organizations to smoothly outsource their services to India.

What are the challenges of outsourcing to India?

1. Compliance concerns

Navigating different regulatory frameworks and compliance standards can pose a challenge when outsourcing to India. So, ensure that your outsourcing partner possesses adequate knowledge about the relevant laws and regulations, including labor laws, to avoid any legal disputes down the line.

2. Data security

Though most Indian firms have robust security measures in place, there's always the risk of data breaches or unauthorized access. So, ensure you implement strict security protocols and conduct regular audits to help mitigate these risks.

3. Infrastructure and technological differences

Variations in infrastructure and technological capabilities between your home country and India can pose challenges while outsourcing. Despite the advancements and government support, there can be a lag in infrastructure. In some cases, inconsistencies in international connectivity and power interruptions can also disrupt the workflow.

4. Relying on an external provider

When you rely on an external provider for critical business functions, it can create a sense of dependency. For instance, your business operations and timelines could be affected if the provider encounters issues or disruptions. Meanwhile, switching to a new vendor in the middle of a project can be costly and time-consuming, potentially leading to vendor lock-in situations.

6 Ways to Outsource Work From the USA to India

Below, you will find different outsourcing methods you can explore.

1. Freelancers and contractors

Here, organizations hire individual freelancers or contractors from India either on a per-project basis or on an hourly basis via platforms such as Fiverr, Upwork, and PeoplePerHour, among others. Outsourcing to freelancers or contractors in India is suitable when you need specialized skills for a project, want to save costs, or require flexibility in your workforce.

2. Outsourcing agencies

Also known as Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) firms, they provide a wide range of services, including IT outsourcing, customer support, back office operations, and more. These agencies also manage the recruitment, training, and supervision of teams in India and allow businesses to focus on their core activities.

3. Project-based outsourcing

This method involves outsourcing specific projects or tasks to Indian companies or teams. It is suitable for one-time initiatives or specialized tasks that require external expertise or resources. 

4. Offshoring centers

Businesses seeking long-term partnerships opt for offshoring centers. These centers operate as extensions of an organization and provide dedicated teams of skilled professionals who work exclusively on projects. While offshoring centers offer more control and customization, they also require significant investment and management overhead.

5. Managed service providers

This type specializes in overseeing outsourcing arrangements on behalf of businesses. They act as intermediaries between clients and outsourcing vendors, managing contracts, ensuring quality standards, and handling any issues that may arise.

6. Employer of Record (EOR) services

Employer of Record services involve partnering with a third-party organization that becomes the legal employer of your remote workers in India. This arrangement helps businesses navigate complex employment regulations, payroll processing, tax compliance, and other administrative tasks associated with hiring international employees. 

Each of these outsourcing methods offers unique advantages and considerations. So, it's essential to evaluate your business requirements and objectives carefully before you select the most suitable approach for outsourcing from the US to India.

Models of Outsourcing

Before outsourcing from the US to India, you need to choose the right outsourcing model that suits your project’s needs and goals for optimal results. The table below explores the five primary outsourcing models.

Outsourcing Model Description Example
Onshore outsourcing You hire services from a company in your own country and benefit from proximity and cultural familiarity. Hiring a local accounting firm to manage financial tasks for a domestic company.
Offshore outsourcing You hire a service provider in a different country to save on costs or tap into their expertise despite challenges such as time zones and cultural differences. Engaging a software development team in India to build a mobile application for a US-based company.
Nearshore outsourcing You outsource to a neighboring or nearby country for benefits like proximity, similar time zones, and cultural affinity while still enjoying cost advantages over onshore outsourcing. A Canadian company outsourcing customer support services to a firm in Mexico to serve North American customers more efficiently.
Onsite outsourcing The service provider sends a team of professionals to work from your office for a fixed period of time for closer collaboration and a deeper understanding of your needs. A technology consulting firm dispatching a team of experts to work on-site with a client to develop and implement a new software system.
Hybrid outsourcing This type combines onshore, offshore, and nearshore outsourcing to create a customized approach that meets specific needs, handling risks and leveraging benefits from different outsourcing locations. US company outsourcing software development to an offshore team in India while managing customer service operations onshore.

How to Effectively Outsource from the US to India

Now, after you choose which outsourcing method and model works for your business, follow this step-by-step guide to effectively outsource work from the US to India:

Step 1: Understand the legal framework and trade agreements

Knowing the laws and agreements that govern US businesses in India is imperative. You can easily navigate any regulatory hurdles by familiarizing yourself with international trade laws, taxation regulations, intellectual property rights, etc.  It’s best to consult legal experts or professionals to ensure compliance and mitigate legal risks.

Step 2: Identify services or products for outsourcing

Next, identify the tasks or products that can be done effectively by outsourcing to companies in India. Whether it's software development, customer support, or manufacturing, determine where outsourcing could benefit your business.

Step 3: Do the market research

Before you commit to outsourcing, it's best to research and evaluate the potential benefits and risks. Identify suitable Indian companies for outsourcing, get a better idea about cost-benefit analysis, and assess regulatory compliance. As India is a diverse nation, you must also consider the cultural differences, language barriers, and communication challenges that may arise when working with offshore partners.

Step 4: Request and collect proposals

When you are done identifying the services or products for outsourcing and doing other necessary research, reach out to potential outsourcing partners in India. First, prepare a clear and comprehensive request for proposals (RFP) that outlines your project requirements, objectives, timeline, budget constraints, and evaluation criteria. Next, distribute the RFP to multiple companies or service providers in India, and request detailed proposals.

Step 5: Shortlist potential partners

This is an important step where you must review the received proposals carefully and pick the best companies.

To shortlist the best outsourcing company:

  • Research outsourcing companies: Check their services, compare what they offer, and see if they match your needs.
  • Check their reputation: Talk to their previous clients or read online reviews to see what people say about the outsourcing companies you are interested in. This gives you an idea of their reliability and reputation.
  • Look at communication and project management: Assess how well the outsourcing company communicates and manages projects to ensure smooth collaboration and timely work delivery.

Step 6: Provide training for your Indian team

Practical training is crucial for equipping your Indian partners with the skills and knowledge they need to integrate with your team to get the desired output. Develop a comprehensive program covering business processes, expectations, communication protocols, and tools.

Step 7: Foster clear communication

A robust communication channel maintains transparency, fosters collaboration, and addresses issues or concerns. Use emails, video calls, and project management tools to contact your Indian partners. Regular updates and proactive communication ensure smooth operations and address any issues promptly.

Step 8: Monitoring/reviewing performance

Once you have set up your outsourcing arrangement, keep track of whether your Indian team or partners are meeting the goals and standards you have set. If there are any problems or areas where things could be improved, it's important to address them quickly. Keeping up with monitoring and reviews helps make sure your outsourcing setup stays successful and on track.

What Are the Top Services to Outsource to India?

Accounting: Outsource financial tasks such as bookkeeping, tax preparation, and payroll management to skilled professionals in India for efficient and accurate financial management.

IT services: Stay competitive in the digital landscape by outsourcing software development, web development, mobile app development, and IT support services to India.

Human resources: Streamline HR functions such as recruitment, training, payroll processing, and employee benefits administration by outsourcing to experienced HR professionals in India.

Customer support: Provide excellent customer service round-the-clock by outsourcing customer support operations to India, where skilled representatives can handle inquiries and resolve issues promptly and efficiently.

Digital marketing: Boost your online presence with Indian expertise in SEO, social media management, content creation, and PPC advertising, and attract and retain customers effectively.

Make Outsourcing from the US to India Easy by Partnering with an EOR – Gloroots

Are you planning to outsource from the US to India but worried about the complexities of hiring and managing a remote workforce? 

An Employer of Record (EOR) solution might just be the answer you are looking for. 

By partnering with an EOR like Gloroots, you can gain access to India's vast talent pool quickly and get help navigating the complexities of onboarding talent and managing the outsourced team. From payroll processing, tax compliance, and benefits administration to HR management, Gloroots can handle everything. 

Want to learn more? Contact Gloroots now to discover how EOR solutions can benefit your business.

Ready to take your hiring global? Let’s talk.
Our experts have got you covered. 

Join our monthly newsletter

Stay informed with the latest insights on managing global teams, delivered straight to your inbox.

Download free ebook now

Gain exclusive access to expert-driven strategies and insights for effective global hiring.

Enter a valid work email address!
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Thank you for downloading!

Enjoy discovering new insights in your expert guide to global hiring!

Closing in 5 sec